Ethics and regulations

Infographic on transporting radionuclides

This infographic illustrates the regulations and challenges associated with transporting radioactive material in Europe.

From research to patient care – Challenges and prospects

by Thomas Cocolios

As part of the 2021 lecture series in the framework of the 'Chair Roger Van Geen' Thomas Cocolios talks about the challenges and prospects of getting radioiosotopes to the clinic and using them to treat patients. The lecture covers the rules and regulations for packaging and transporting radioactive material across Europe (5:18 - 37:55), radiochemistry to separate the radioisotope from the substrate so it can be used for downstream applications (37:55 - 53:47) and licensing of new radioisotopes (53:47 - 1:01:11). It finishes by illustrating the challenges faced by researchers in producing radioisotopes that are usable in the clinic based on the example of 225Ac (1:01:20 - end).

Lecture slides for 'From research to patient care – Challenges and prospects'

EU Pharmaceutical Regulations

by Clemens Decristoforo

This video was part of a PRISMAP workshop held in February 2022. In it Clemens Decristoforo explains the legal challenges and processes involved in getting radiopharmaceuticals to patients. He highlights how radiopharmaceuticals are both radioactive and drugs and therefore require twofold legislation and goes over the different players in the legislation of radiopharmaceuticals in Europe. He defines the terms used in the legislation, explains how to obtain marketing authorisation, what the good manufacturing practices (GMP) of radiopharmaceuticals are, the quality assessment of a radiopharmaceutical and clinical trials with radiopharmaceuticals.

Resources of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

The International Atomic Energy Agency is the world's central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the nuclear field. It works for the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology, contributing to international peace and security and the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.

This resource is quite technical, but if you are looking for more advanced training tools, you might find their online courses interesting:
It includes information on nuclear safety infrastructure, construction of nuclear power plants, the legal framework, safeguards and emergency planning, radioactive waste management and more.
You need to create a login, but the resources are available for free. The 'E-learning for Nuclear Newcomers' interactive e-learning series explains the IAEA's Milestones approach to introducing a nuclear power programme. This approach is based on three phases and covers the 19 infrastructure issues that need to be addressed, and brings decades of expertise to life. Both newcomers and those expanding their nuclear power programmes may benefit from the e-learning series. The target audience includes students, academics and researchers in the nuclear field so they may better understand the "big picture" of developing nuclear power programmes. 

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